There are many places around the world experiencing huge problems with waste Tyres, large dumps both legal and illegal ones pose many risks including:
Fire Risk: Waste tyres are extremely combustible, fires can be started accidentally, by natural causes, or by vandals. Once a tyre dump is ablaze it is very difficult to put out Tyre Fires, with some recorded cases showing Tyre Dump fires lasting for up to 15 years. While alight Tyres emit toxic, thick black smoke, also toxic oils are released from the Tyres and can contaminate groundwater.
Stagnant Water: Old end of life Tyres act as a water trap and hold water indefinitely. This Water becomes stagnant which in itself is a health hazard, but in warmer climates, the stagnant water attracts mosquitoes which can cause higher instances of malaria infection in the areas close to Tyre Dumps.
Is tyre baling the solution?
Baling Tyres is not a one stop solution for waste Tyre problems but it does significantly aid the process of dealing with them. In remote locations, a MKII Tyre Baler can produce up to 6 Bales per hour, typically 4. With each Bale typically holding 100, passenger car tyres 400 waste tyres baled is easily achievable. Taking an example of a Tyre Baler supplied by Gradeall, where a Tyre dump originally had 6 million Bales. With one MKII Baler, the entire collection of Tyres could have been baled in 5 years, with 4 MKII Balers the tyres were baled in a Year.
With Tyres baled, the transport of the Tyres on shipping containers is much more efficient, this is of particular importance in remote locations such as the Cayman Islands. Baled Tyres can be exported to Recyclers and Processors for a small fraction of the price associated with transporting loose Tyres.
The Gradeall MKII Tyre Baler produces Bales to PAS108 standard, which is a standard by the British Standards Institut. This regulates their use in Civil Engineering applications.
Examples of their use include Embankments, Foundations under Roads which is particularly useful over the softer ground as a solid foundation.
Other uses of the PAS108 Bales include lining Landfill Sites, these Bales if placed over the outer membrane prevent the membrane from damage and increase its life span.
A popular use of recycled Tyres is to shred them into crumb rubber, this makes a useful road surface with improved grip over conventional asphalt surfaces. The crumb can be used for artificial fill or Astro Turf in Gardens or Football Pitches, giving much better drainage characteristics than conventional soils. It can also be used as a soft low impact surface for children’s playgrounds.
Cement manufacturers use Tyre Bales as a replacement fuel during Cement production. This is becoming a more popular Fuel for Cement manufacturers and as such is a popular route for dealing with such Bales. Issues still remain regarding air pollution, nonetheless, the level of pollutants are significantly lower than Tyres Burnt in the open atmosphere, this technique uses significantly fewer fossil fuels and reduces the amount of Tyres going to Landfill.
There are many other uses of Tyre Bales, especially in areas such as reducing wind, river, and coastal erosion with the Bales being much cheaper, yet just as long lasting when compared with conventional solutions.